Studies show Americans drove faster in 2020 compared to 2019
 

28 January 2021

vcsPRAsset_522440_105553_279a6033-181d-4f41-a971-72bcb183d553_0

NEWS RELEASE

MEDIA CONTACT:

Montrae Waiters, AAA spokeswoman, The Auto Club Group,
(813) 244-00815 cell, mwaiters@acg.aaa.com

Visit the AAA Georgia Newsroom

Twitter @AAAGeorgia 

 

 

AAA AND IIHS CONDUCT CRASH TEST STUDY;

SLIGHT CHANGES IN SPEED HAVE BIG CONSEQUENCES

Studies show Americans drove faster in 2020 compared to 2019
 

56 mph

Research B-Roll and Sound Bites

ATLANTA, Ga., (January 28, 2021) – Although the Covid-19 pandemic may be causing Americans to drive less, many of those who do get behind the wheel are apparently driving faster. NHTSA shows a median 22% increase in speeds in select US metro areas in 2020 compared to 2019. AAA cautions drivers that slightly higher speeds reduce the effectiveness of safety equipment and increase the driver’s risk of severe injury or death.

Crash Test Study

The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety conducted a new crash test study with the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and Humanetics, to demonstrate the dangers of going fast. AAA-The Auto Club Group provided funding for the crash test research. Read the full report.

  • Crashes were conducted at three different impact speeds (40, 50 and 56 mph).
  • Three 2010 Honda CR-V EX crossovers were used in the crash tests, because they represented the average age (11.8 years) of a typical vehicle on U.S. roadways and earned the top rating in the IIHS moderate overlap front test.
  • Researchers found more structural damage and greater forces on the dummy’s entire body.

Calculating the Damage

At the 40 mph impact speed, there was minimal intrusion into the driver’s space. But at the 50 mph impact speed, there was noticeable deformation of the driver side door opening, the dashboard and the foot area. 40 v 56 interior view 2

At 56 mph, the vehicle interior was significantly compromised, with the dummy’s sensors registering severe neck injuries and a likelihood of fractures to the long bones in the lower leg. 

At both 50 and 56 mph, the steering wheel’s upward movement caused the dummy’s head to go through the deployed airbag. This caused the face to smash into the steering wheel. Measurements taken from the dummy showed a high risk of facial fractures and severe brain injury.

“A speeding driver may arrive at their destination a few minutes faster, but the tradeoff of getting severely injured or even losing one’s life is not worth the risk," said Montrae Waiters, spokeswoman, AAA – The Auto Club Group.

"Higher speed limits cancel out the benefits of vehicle safety improvements like airbags and improved structural designs," said Dr. David Harkey, IIHS president. "The faster a driver is going before a crash, the less likely it is that they’ll be able to get down to a survivable speed even if they have a chance to brake before impact."

Georgia Speed-Related Crashes and Fatalities

In Georgia, the maximum posted speed limits on rural interstates and urban interstates are 70 mph. On other limited access roads, and other roads its 65 mph. AAA urges drivers to understand the risks of the speed they are driving.

 

Speed-Related Fatalities

Speed-Related Fatalities
(% of total fatalities)

Speed-Related Crashes

Speed-Related Crashes
(% of total crashes)

2008

308

20.6%

281

20.5%

2009

239

18.5%

223

18.9%

2010

217

17.4%

201

17.5%

2011

220

17.9%

194

17.3%

2012

180

15.1%

164

14.6%

2013

197

16.7%

173

15.9%

2014

213

18.3%

190

17.6%

2015

268

18.7%

237

17.8%

2016

266

17.1%

238

16.7%

2017

248

16.1%

222

15.4%

2018

267

17.8%

247

17.6%

About the research testing:
The research tests were conducted following the same protocol that is used for the IIHS moderate overlap evaluation; only the speed was varied. With a test dummy representing an average-sized male in the driver’s seat, the cars were crashed with 40 percent of the vehicle’s front on the driver side overlapping the barrier.

IIHS has been conducting this type of test, which simulates a head-on, partial-overlap impact between two vehicles of the same weight and size traveling at the same speed, since 1995. Since 2013, 100 percent of new vehicles have earned a good rating when tested at the 40 mph impact speed.

AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety:
Established in 1947 by AAA, the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety is a nonprofit, publicly funded, 501(c)(3) charitable research and educational organization. The AAA Foundation’s mission is to prevent traffic deaths and injuries by researching their causes and by educating the public about strategies to prevent crashes and reduce injuries when they do occur. This research develops educational materials for drivers, pedestrians, bicyclists and other road users.

About IIHS:
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) is an independent, nonprofit scientific and educational organization dedicated to reducing the losses — deaths, injuries and property damage — from motor vehicle crashes. For more information, visit iihs.org.

About Humanetics:
Humanetics is the global leader in the design, manufacture and supply of biofidelic crash test dummies, calibration equipment, crash sensors instrumentation, software modeling and active safety testing equipment. Its devices and simulation software are used to develop safety systems in vehicles, aviation and space rockets. In the automotive sector, Humanetics serves 100% of the OEMs and Tier I safety suppliers worldwide.  For more information, visit humaneticsgroup.com.

About AAA - The Auto Club Group:
The Auto Club Group (ACG) is the second largest AAA club in North America with more than 14 million members across 14 U.S. states, the province of Quebec and two U.S. territories. ACG and its affiliates provide members with roadside assistance, insurance products, banking and financial services, travel offerings and more. ACG belongs to the national AAA federation with more than 60 million members in the United States and Canada. AAA’s mission is to protect and advance freedom of mobility and improve traffic safety. For more information, get the AAA Mobile app, visit AAA.com, and follow us on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.